Although Apple’s iOS was the first operating system for cell phones, Google’s Android is, by far, the most popular currently. Originally created for digital cameras, the evolution of Android has been significant since that came with the phone, HTC Dream from T-Mobile in 2008 to be transformed into the powerful system that it is today.
Android was developed in 2003 by Andy Rubin, who soon realized that the camera market would not be so massive, so he turned his attention to the phone. But Android Inc. just jumped to the fame in 2005, when it was bought by Google, which tried to enter the business telephone. But did not do so as a hardware manufacturer, but selling the popular operating system.
Android 1.0 (2008)
The first version, Android 1.0, obviously, is much less developed than the operating system that we know today, but still has some similarities. Most agree that he nailed the drop-down window for the notifications, to the surprise of iOS. Another innovation was the Google Play Store, then called Market. While Apple had launched the App Store months before, both promoted the concept of a centralized location to download applications.
With this system, also began the use of widgets on the home screen-something that iOS not, until now, allows to, although these were only limited to what develop Google. This first version already had a deep integration with Gmail.
Android 1.5 Cupcake (2009)
The first major update of Android, Cupcake, was significant for many reasons, but probably her greatest milestone is to have been the first operating system with an on-screen keyboard. Before, manufacturers were required to include keyboards physical devices. With this version, Google has also opened the SDK for widgets for third-party developers. Currently, most of the applications have at least one widget. Another milestone is in relation to the videos. Before, Android did not support video recording, so users have had to settle with capturing photos. All of that (thankfully) changed.
Android 1.6 Donut (2009)
Android Donut was a major update. Took the operating system to millions of people, to add support for CDMA networks like Verizon, Sprint, and several of Asia’s major. Although it was designed to be easy to use, some of its biggest updates were in the code. For example, it was the first version to support different screen sizes.
Donut was also a pioneer in including what is now considered a basic element: the quick search box. This allowed users to quickly search the web, local files or contacts from the home screen, without the need to open any application. Also introduced cosmetic changes, like an Android Market redesigned, which offered a selection of the best free and paid applications.
Android 2.0 Eclair (2009)
While the updates had been important, until then it was improvements of the same operating system. In 2009, came to Android 2.0 Eclair, incorporating deep adjustments, many of which still exist.
It was the first to use the navigation of Google Maps, which put virtually buried the GPS for automobiles. Although Maps has changed a lot, some of their most relevant features appeared then, as the step by step navigation or voice guidance. And even though I had navigation applications, these were not free.
The Internet browser has also been upgraded. Google added HTML5 support and the ability to play videos, putting it on par with the iPhone. Finally, now users could swipe the screen to unlock the computer, like on the phone to Apple, or change the mode of silence.
Android 2.2 Froyo (2010)
Android Froyo came in 2010 with the Nexus One, the first Nexus phone. Froyo was aiming more to refine the Android experience, offering users five panels of the home screen instead of three, plus a new Gallery app. Froyo was the first version to offer support for hotspot mobile. Users could also lock the screen with a PIN, complementing the blockage of the existing pattern.
Android 2.3 Gingerbread (2010)
The program Nexus turned out and the arrival of Gingerbread confirmed it. Google chose to launch the Nexus S -built by Samsung-a phone a derivative of the successful Galaxy S from the south Korean manufacturer. Gingerbread was another great refinement of Android, and it saw a redesign of the widgets and the home screen of Android.
Gingerbread also came with an improved keyboard, with a multi-touch support enhanced, which allowed you to press multiple keys to access a keyboard secondary. Finally, added support for the front camera. What would we do today without the selfies?
Android 3.0 Honeycomb (2011)
The release of Honeycomb was interesting because it was aimed at tablets. Even, it showed for the first time in a Motorola device, that eventually become Xoom. Honeycomb gave some clues about the design of future versions of Android. Instead of continuing with the classic green color, Google opted for a blue. In addition, it offered previews for widgets individual. Perhaps their greatest innovation was that it eliminated the need for physical button: the buttons start, rewind, and menu are included in the software, so it could be hidden or shown depending on the application.
Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich (2011)
The Nexus S was a great phone, but it was not the end of the partnership of Google and Samsung. The two companies joined together again for the launch of the Galaxy Nexus, that with the update to Ice Cream Sandwich brought many features of Honeycomb to phones.
The operating system brought the virtual buttons, as well as an interface adjusted and refined that it made use of the reflections of blue. Other features, such as face unlock, the analysis of the use of data and new applications for mail and calendar, also came in this version.
Android 4.1 Jelly Bean (2012)
Android Jelly Bean marked a new era for the operating system. His most important change was Google Now, which could be accessed quickly from the home screen, and brought in one place information such as calendar events, emails, weather reports, among others. It laid the groundwork for what would be the current digital assistants, including the Google Assistant.
In addition to Google Now, we implemented other additions, such as Project Butter, was looking to drastically improve the touch performance of Android, tripled the graphics buffering. Transformed it into an experience much more fluid. The source is updated, notifications are expandable, greater flexibility of widgets and other features also came in this version, which, without doubt, is one of the most important.
Android 4.4 KitKat (2013)
Android 4.4 KitKat coincided with the launch of the Nexus 5 and came with many novel features. It was one of the biggest aesthetic changes of the system, by upgrading its appearance. The emphasis of blue from Ice Cream Sandwich and Jellybean were replaced by a white more refined, and several Android applications are redesigned to display color schemes more clear.
In addition to a new look, KitKat joined the search command “OK, Google“, which allowed the user to access Google Now at any time. It also brought a new phone dialer, full-screen applications and a new application Hangouts, which offered support for SMS, along with support for the messaging platform Hangouts.
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