A fundamental contribution to the next explorations of lunar is the one that you just perform the Geological Service of the united States (USGS), the NASA and the Institute Lunar Planetary, that just taken out a full geological map of the Moon.
So-called “Geologic Map Unified of the Moon”, will serve as the final model of the geology of the surface of the natural satellite of the Earth for future human missions and will be invaluable to the international scientific community, educators and the general public. The digital map is available online now, and shows the geology of the moon with incredible detail (scale 1: 5,000,000).
The current director of the USGS and former NASA astronaut Jim Reilly, commented that, “la Moon has always fascinated people, and when we could return. Then, it is wonderful to see the USGS to create a resource that can help NASA in its planning for future missions.”
How I think the map lunar
To create the new digital map, the scientists used information from six regional maps of the era of the space shuttle Apollo, along with updated information from recent satellite missions to the Moon. Historical maps existing ones were redesigned to align them with sets of modern data, thus preserving the observations and interpretations above. Together with the data fusion of both old and new, the researchers of the USGS also developed a unified description of the stratigraphy, or rock layers, of the Moon. This solved problems of previous maps where the names of rocks, descriptions and ages were sometimes inconsistent.
“This map is the culmination of a project of decades,” said Corey Fortezzo, a geologist and lead author of the USGS. “Provides vital information for new scientific studies to connect the exploration of specific sites on the moon with the rest of the lunar surface”.
The elevation data for the equatorial region of the Moon from the observations of stereo compiled by the chamber Terrain in the recent mission SELENE (Browser engineering and selenología) led by JAXA, the Aerospace Exploration Agency of Japan. The topography to the north and south poles are supplemented with data from the laser altimeter of the Orbiter Lunar NASA.
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