It is officially known as the megabaja or ravine Batagaika, a great scar in the landscape 1 km long (0,62 miles) that you can find in the Sakha Republic of Siberia, in the depths of eastern Russia.
Since 1960, this massive crack has expanded greatly the product of the thaw. Because of its shape and depth, the locals call it: “the gateway to the underworld”.
This 2020 has reached the 900-m-wide, especially by record temperatures in the area have reached up to 38 degrees in the scale celcius. Added to this, large forest fires and expulsions by the melting of methane gas in the atmosphere.
According to NASA, Batagaika has revealed a number of animals of old, including a horse of the Pleistocene, bison steppe prehistoric, lions of the caves, and wolves.
The magazine ScienceMag has commented that various researchers have ventured to the “gateway to the underworld” to study what is going on in that place.
“You hear a lot of cracks as one moves about, and suddenly there are no trees and you’re standing on a ledge,” says Kseniia Ashastina, paleobotánica at the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. She and her colleagues of the Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum are lodged with indigenous siberians, Evens and Sakha, some of whom fear the large crack. “They say it is eating their land, gulping down the trees and their sacred places,” she says,” says the publication.
The main fear is how much more it will continue to increase Batagaika as researchers have confirmed that the opening has advanced about 10 meters per year, says Frank Guenther, a researcher from the University of Potsdam.
“From 2016, he says, that rate has increased from 12 to 14 meters per year. It is more difficult to determine how fast it is to deepen the depression and, therefore, how much further back in time is penetrating the thaw”, concludes ScienceMag.
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