In the age of phishing, identity theft and piracy, to protect your identity is more important than ever, and fortunately there are several ways to protect yourself. We will explain to you how to maintain anonymity online.
This guide will help you to learn ways to obtain the anonymity for most of the communications and web-based activities. But before you begin, the first and most obvious is to never use your real name when you create an online account. This is the first step to follow when you create accounts in social networks.
Once this is done, we’ll show you the four levels of anonymity that we recommend below, so if you’re into anonymity for the first time or if you want to add another level of security to your current protocol.
Level 1: browse in private mode whenever possible
Browse in private mode is the most simple that you can do to get your session on the internet to be a bit more anonymous.
It works in the following way: each time you visit a website you leave a trail of cookies-these are stored on your computer and contain a basic amount of data in function of the web sites you’ve visited, which allows other web pages provide you with a personalized experience. So, Facebook will show an ad for the new MacBook that you looked up on Google, or YouTube to see that you have been looking for videos on the new phone, Samsung Galaxy Note 9. These cookies can be used to create a unique fingerprint based on the data collected.
To avoid this, simply browse in private mode, and all modern browsers have a feature of private browsing, even on mobile devices.
Level 2: prevent Google (or Bing or Yahoo)
Google, Bing and Yahoo are the three most popular search engines but this trio is also the one who collects the largest amount of data on you face to show relevant ads and personalize services. This is especially relevant when you start session with your account of the way that these search engines may collect your name, email address, date of birth, sex and telephone number. In addition to this, Google and Bing can also collect important data such as the location of the device, the device information, the IP address and the cookie data.
To avoid being tracked when searching the web, we recommend that you use a service such as DuckDuckGo. It is a search engine independent does not offer custom search results, and all who seek to see the same results and does not collect or store any of the searches performed. The search engine also says that has nothing to sell to advertisers, which means that you will never be subject to the targeted ads that you see when using Google and other web sites.
Level 3: hide your IP address
The next thing that you can do to remain anonymous is to hide your IP address, which is the easiest way to trace the activity on-line. If someone knows it, you can easily determine the geographic location of the server that hosts that address and get a rough idea of where you are. In general terms, there are three ways to hide it.
In the first place, you can use a proxy server. If you want that all your online activity is anonymous, the best way to do this is to pretend to be another person. This is basically what a proxy server: routes the connection through a different server, so that your IP address is not so easy to track. You can also use a virtual private network (VPN), which hides your IP address as well as a proxy, and, in some cases, even better. A VPN is a private network that uses a public network (usually the internet) to connect remote sites or users.
Finally, you can use TOR. Short for The Onion Router, is a network of virtual tunnels that allows users to improve their privacy and security on the internet. Browsing with TOR is very similar to the simultaneous use of hundreds of proxy servers that are assigned at random periodically.
Level 4: use email and communication anonymous
The use of proxy servers, VPNS, and TOR will hide your IP address from prying eyes, but sending emails presents a challenge of anonymity different. Suppose that you want to send an email to someone, but you don’t want to know your address: there are two ways of doing it.
The first is to use an alias. An alias is essentially a forwarding address. When you send an email through an alias, the recipient will only see the forwarding address and not your real email. Since all mail is forwarded to your inbox usual, this method will keep in secret your real email address, but will not keep you free of spam.
In the second place, you can use an e-mail account disposable. This can be done in one of two ways: you can create a new email account with a fake name and use it during the time that you need, or you can use an email service, disposable. These services work by creating a forwarding address temporary which is deleted after a certain time, so they are excellent to sign up in sites that you do not you do and avoid your inbox being flooded by spam.
Despite the fact that using a VPN and communicating through an anonymous email address will keep your identity hidden, there is still the possibility of your emails being intercepted by an intermediary. To avoid this, you can encrypt the emails before sending using HTTPS in your e-mail client, web-based, which adds SSL / TLS encryption to all communications. For web chats, you can also consider using the chat TOR or Crytopchat, that are chat services are encrypted that are difficult to hack.
If you dare, here is a simple guide of four levels to stay anonymous online. Some of these methods can be more extreme than others, but all will return control of privacy and a greater peace of mind when surfing the web.
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