The program Artemis is one of the most ambitious of NASA for the next few years, as it plans to return humans to the Moon, with the presence of bases of exploration for residence and, in addition, with vehicles that enable the displacement of the astronauts.
Perhaps the biggest challenge of these missions will be to prepare the ground for the Agency’s National Space of the united States paves the way for going to Mars and place for the first time to a man on the Red Planet.
What is certain is that through a PDF document, NASA presented the main objectives and explained how Artemis will work on the Moon to make the leap then to Mars.
For this reason handed over three items that will be key in the operation.
- A vehicle of lunar terrain (LTV) ratio that would be used by the crew to move around on the Moon. A rover with open cabin, where the astronauts use space suits for extra-vehicular activity (EVA) protective complete, and that are designed for short trips.
- A mobility platform that’s livable, that would be a biggest rover that is fully contained and pressurized, which allows for longer trips further away from the landing site of the spacecraft of up to 45 days at a time.
- A habitat of the surface of the lunar base that could act as a home fixed more permanently to the crew during shorter stays on the surface and that may accommodate up to four astronauts at a time, although the mobility platform living would be the main residence active for the missions of surface. Also there would be a space station, Gateway, orbiting the Moon, which would be the main base of operations for the crew that is not dedicated to the active exploration of surface and the scientific aspects of the mission.
The Station Gateway will be designed to work in long periods of time and to move to other routes, such as the exploration of Mars.
They are also referred to rovers traditional engaged in current lunar missions, that serve to collect minerals, water detection, and processing of fuel and oxygen.
The “Plan for the exploration and development of lunar sustained” full of NASA is available here.
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